The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
As for deaths from heart disease, Israel is third from last on the list, with 92.4 dying in every 100,000 people. The lowest on the scale is France with 84.9. But most countries stand above Israel, including the UK with 117.4, the U.S. with 154.1; and Germany with 175.2. In 2008 there were 39, 241 deaths in Israel, which represents half a percent (0.5%) of Israel's population in that year.