Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a viral infection that is passed between people through skin-to-skin contact. There are more than 100 varieties of HPV, but most emphasis is given to the 40 varieties that affect the genitals, mouth, or throat, that are passed through sexual contact.
Watch and wait. Sometimes the cell changes -- called cervical dysplasia, precancerous cell changes, or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia -- will heal on their own.Cryotherapy. This involves freezing the abnormal cells with liquid nitrogen.Conization. This procedure, also known as a cone biopsy, removes the abnormal areas.LEEP or Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure. The abnormal cells are removed with an electrical current. Women at risk for cervical cancer (Female population aged >=15 yrs) 432.20 millions Burden of cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers Annual number of cervical cancer cases 122,844 Annual number of cervical cancer deaths 67,477