Previous research has shown that the repair of a recurrent inguinal hernia is subject to a greater risk of additional recurrence. Further, bilateral inguinal hernia is subject to a greater recurrence risk than unilateral inguinal hernia. These increased risks may be due to certain anatomical difficulties that complicate the surgical approach in these types of patients. Some clinicians have suggested that laparoscopic approaches are better suited to recurrent and bilateral hernias, and in we delineate separate comparisons for primary, bilateral, and recurrent hernia.
Perioperative data were collected prospectively for all preterm and former preterm infants who underwent inguinal hernia repair with spinal anesthesia at a tertiary medical center.The study group consisted of 144 infants with a median gestational age of 30 weeks, postmenstrual age of 37 weeks, birth weight of 1,420 g, and weight at surgery of 2,140 g. Overall, six (4.2%) infants had intraoperative complications, which included apnea (2/1.4%), bradycardia (2/1.4%), and hypoxemia (4/2.8%). Postoperative complications occurred in 15 (10.4%) infants, mainly hypoxemia (3/2.1%), bradycardia (8/5.5%), and apnea (6/4.1%). Predictive factors of an unfavorable outcome.