movement disorders refers to a group of nervous system /neurological conditions that cause abnormal voluntary or involuntary movements, or slow, reduced movements.Abnormal movements may be rhythmical or irregular, and may be rapid and jerky (e.g., tics) or slowed and sustained (e.g., Parkinson's disease, dystonia).
According to study on Movement disorders epidemology, a Muslim Arab population living in a well-defined geographic area in Israel, with the majority located in two towns and two large villages. Of the approximately 115,000 residents, about 38% are under the age of 15 and 7.75% are older than 65. Drug tracer methodology was applied in this study. All those who were on anti-PD medication were identified and examined by a .neurologist to confirm the diagnosis.
Injected Medications of Botulinum-toxin type A (Botox, Dysport) or type B (Myobloc) is injected locally into the affected muscle group to relax the muscles in dystonia or spasticity. It works by preventing nerves from sending signals to the muscles that cause them to contract. Although the treatment takes one to two weeks to reach its full effectiveness, the beneficial effects last three to four months.
Thalamotomy is a surgical procedure used to destroy part of the thalamus, which is thought to produce abnormal brain activity that causes tremor.
Pallidotomy is also another surgical procedure used to destroy part of the globus pallidus, which is thought to become overactive with certain disorders, such as Parkinson's disease.