Non melanoma skin cancer includes 2 main types: basal cell skin cancer and squamous cell skin cancer. They are named after the types of skin cells from which the cancers develop. It is possible for a non-melanoma skin cancer to be a mixture of both these types. Non-melanoma skin cancers usually develop in the outermost layer of skin (epidermis) and are often named after the type of skin cell from which they develop. 6,102 cases of NMSC and 29,447 cases of cancers other than NMSC were reported. Among those who had a history of NMSC, the scientists found an increased risk of 15% among men and 26% among women, of developing a second cancer of a different type, as compared to those who did not develop NMSC at all. Women were at risk of developing breast and lung cancer and melanoma, and men were at risk of developing melanoma.
There are also clinical trials that study new ways to ease symptoms and side effects during treatment. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials regarding side effects. In addition, there are ongoing studies about ways to prevent the disease. The signs of squamous cell carcinoma include:
•A persistent, scaly red patch with irregular borders that sometimes crusts or bleeds.
•An elevated growth with a central depression that occasionally bleeds.
•A growth of this type may rapidly increase in size.
•An open sore that bleeds and crusts and persists for weeks.