Pulmonary embolism is a sudden blockage in a lung artery. Blockage usually is caused by a blood clot that travels to the lung from a vein in the leg. Because pulmonary embolism almost always occurs in conjunction with deep vein thrombosis, most doctors refer to the two conditions together as venous thromboembolism. Pulmonary embolism can be life-threatening, but prompt treatment can greatly reduce the risk of death. The most common modification for dose reduction is decreasing the scanning area along the z-axis.
Statistical analysis on pulmonary embolism in Israel results as Fifty-seven members responded; 43 (75%) reported that they perform CT angiography in pregnant patients suspected of having pulmonary embolism. Of the 43 respondents who perform CT angiography in pregnant patients, 23 (53%) generally perform CT angiography as the initial study rather than ventilation-perfusion scanning, 26 (60%) require informed consent from the patient.