Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is a condition found in children who have received grossly negligent care and do not form a healthy emotional attachment with their primary caregivers (usually their mothers) before age 5.Attachment develops when a child is repeatedly soothed, comforted, and cared for, and when the caregiver consistently meets the child's needs.
Oxytocin levels did not differ between men and women. Oxytocin levels were positively associated with the experience of an adverse event versus no event, in securely attached but not in insecure participants.Oxytocin was positively associated with diminished stress among securely attached participant. Among participants who reported minimal suffering, insecure individuals had lower oxytocin than securely attached individuals.
Translational toolsas applicable to autoimmune disorders: antibody-proteases as a generation of highly informative and unique biomarkersto monitor subclinical and clinical stages of demyelination in multiple sclerosis (MS) PPT Version |