Central sleep apnea (CSA) or central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS) is a sleep-related disorder in which the effort to breathe is diminished or absent, typically for 10 to 30 seconds either intermittently or in cycles, and is usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation.
Symptoms The most common symptom of central sleep apnea is short periods during sleep when breathing stops. Some people exhibit very shallow breathing instead of actually stopping breathing. You may wake up feeling short of breath.
Treatment Several different treatments aimed at central sleep apnea include positive airway pressure, adaptive servo ventilation (ASV), oxygen, added dead space, carbon dioxide inhalation, and overdrive atrial pacing. Continuous positive airway pressure CPAP improves cardiac function in patients with congestive heart failure and CSB-CSA.Bilevel positive airway pressure Bilevel positive airway pressure (BIPAP) is effective for treating patients with hypercapnic central sleep apnea (associated with hypoventilation).
The popu lation of Israel is projected to increase to between 5 million and 6. 7 million by 2046. 2 The older population (those aged over 65 years ) is projected to increase significantly from the current 2011 level of 532,000 to between just under 1. 4 million and 1. 45 mil lion by 2046. Those aged 80 years of age and over is set to rise even more dramatically, increasing from 128,000 in 2011 to between 484,000 and 470,000 in 2046.