Stomach cancer, also called gastric cancer, is a cancer that starts in the stomach. To understand stomach cancer, it helps to know about the normal structure and function of the stomach. Gastric cancers due to smoking mostly occur in the upper part of the stomach near the esophagus. Some studies show increased risk with alcohol consumption as well. Lymphomas and mesenchymal tumors may also develop within the stomach. Most of the time, stomach cancerdevelops through a number of stages over a number of years.
Diagnosis is usually by biopsy done during endoscopy. This is then followed by medical imaging to determine if the disease has spread to other parts of the body. The pathologic examination of the resected specimen shows incomplete resection or deep invasion by tumor, the patient would need a formal stomach resection. Surgery remains the only curative therapy for stomach cancer.
In 600 000 Jewish residents in the north of Israel during 1 year, 15 strokes in patients younger than 45 years were identified prospectively. During 15 years (1974 to 1988), 171 females aged 17 to 45 years were referred to a rehabilitation institution after a first stroke.