A dental abscess, or tooth abscess, is an accumulation of pus that forms inside the teeth or gums. The abscess typically originates from a bacterial infection, often one that has accumulated in the soft pulp of the tooth. The estimated 5-year prevalence of people in Israel living with Tooth abscess is 7.6 per 100,000. Total prevalence rate for both sexes in Israel is 7.9 per 100,000. Prevalence rate for men and women 8.6 and 6.6 per 100,000 respectively in Israel.
Diagnosis of a tooth abscess is collectively determined by (1) signs and symptoms reported by the patient, (2) exam and tests that are performed by the dentist, and (3) what is visualized with dental radiographs (X-rays). Future research deals with determination of various host and environmental factors that put an individual at risk for development of dental abscess. Increased reliance on novel molecular techniques has enriched our knowledge of the diverse polymicrobial collection that constitutes a dental abscess. Antimicrobials should be reserved for patients with evidence of cellulitis and signs of sepsis. Most of the evidence pointing toward a key role for prompts surgical intervention and timely review.