Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) refers to a group of conditions due to decreased blood flow in the coronary arteries such that part of the heart muscle is unable to function properly or dies.
Acute coronary syndrome symptoms may include the type of chest pressure that you feel during a heart attack, or pressure in your chest while you're at rest or doing light physical activity (unstable angina).
The first sign of acute coronary syndrome can be sudden stopping of your heart (cardiac arrest).
• Chest pain (angina) that feels like burning, pressure or tightness
• Pain elsewhere in the body, such as the left upper arm or jaw (referred pain)
• Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
• Sudden, heavy sweating (diaphoresis)
The signs and symptoms may vary depending on your sex, age and whether you have an underlying medical condition, such as diabetes, heart attack.
Some additional heart attack symptoms include:
• Abdominal pain
• Pain similar to heartburn
• Clammy skin
• Lightheadedness, dizziness or fainting
• Unusual or unexplained fatigue
• Feeling restless or apprehensive Causes
• Acute coronary syndrome is most often a complication of plaque buildup in the arteries in heart
• Blood clots in blood streams (embolism)
• Cigarette smoking
• Lack of physical activity
• Type 2 diabetes
• High blood pressure
• High blood cholesterol