Adnexal tumors | Italy| PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Adnexal Tumors

  • Adnexal tumors

    Adnexal tumors are growths that form on the organs and connective tissues around the uterus in women. Adnexal tumors are most often noncancerous (benign), but they can be cancerous (malignant).Adnexal tumors occur in the Ovaries, Fallopian tubes, Connective tissue around the ovaries or fallopian tubes. Diagnosis of adnexal tumors involves a careful physical exam, imaging tests and, sometimes, surgery. Treatment for adnexal tumors depends on the specific location and types of cells involved

  • Adnexal tumors

    The pathophysiology is not well understood for most adnexal masses; however, some theories have been proposed. Functional cysts may be the result of variation in normal follicle formation. Mature cystic teratoma may be the result of abnormal germ cell proliferation. Endometriomas are thought to result from retrograde menstruation or coelomic metaplasia. The exact cause of epithelial neoplasms is unknown, but recent studies have suggested a complex series of molecular genetic changes is involved.

  • Adnexal tumors

    In total, data on 6169 patients were recorded in the databases for phases 1, 1b, 2, and 3. We excluded 255 patients (4.1%): 163 (2.6%) based on exclusion criteria (51 pregnant women, 112 women received surgery >120 days after the ultrasound examination), 91 (1.5%) because of data errors or uncertain or missing final histology, and one due to protocol violation. Based on logistic regression influence diagnostics and further data review of the archived datasets, we omitted five additional cases. Thus data on 5909 women were used gives an overview of participating centres, included patients, and the reference standard; supplementary table S1 the histological diagnoses and FIGO stages; and supplementary table S2 the personal and reproductive characteristics of the patients. The observed rate of malignancy varied between 22% and 66% in oncology centres and between 0% and 30% in other hospitals

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