alexa Albinism | Italy | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Albinism

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  • Albinism

    Albinism is caused by a defect in one of several genes that produce or distribute melanin (natural pigment).  Many forms of albinism are associated with the following symptoms: Crossed eyes (strabismus), Light sensitivity (photophobia), Rapid eye movements (nystagmus), Vision problems, or functional blindness.

  • Albinism

    The defect may result in the absence of melanin production, or a reduced amount of melanin production. Albinism is inherited and requires the defective gene to be passed down by both parents Symptoms include apparent in a person's skin, hair and eye colour. They include Absence of colour in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye, Lighter than normal skin and hair, Patchy, missing skin colour.

  • Albinism

    Treatment is an ophthalmologist may perform an electroretinogram, which is a test that can reveal vision problems related to albinism. Because albinism is a genetic disorder, treatment is limited. Therefore treatment involves protecting the skin and eyes from the sun: Reduce sunburn risk by avoiding the sun, using sunscreen, and covering up completely with clothing when exposed to the sun.

 

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