BPPV is a mechanical problem in the inner ear. It occurs when some of the calcium carbonate crystals (otoconia) that are normally embedded in gel in the utricle become dislodged and migrate into one or more of the 3 fluid-filled semicircular canals, where they are not supposed to be.
The signs and symptoms: Dizziness, A sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo), A loss of balance or unsteadiness, Nausea, Vomiting. May treat you with a series of movements known as the canalith repositioning procedure, Surgical treatment.
The most frequent form is posterior canal BPPV, whereas lateral canal BPPV is reported in about 20% of cases. The posterior canal is mostly frequently involved (75-85%), lateral canal is involved in 15-20%, whereas the rarest condition is anterior canalolithiasis (< 5%).
Treatment options include watchful waiting, vestibulosuppressant medication, vestibular rehabilitation, canalith repositioning, and surgery.