Childhood apraxia of speech is a motor speech disorder. Children with Childhood apraxia of speech have problems saying sounds, syllables, and words. This is not because of muscle weakness or paralysis. The brain has problems planning to move the body parts needed for speech.
Statistical analysis of Childhood Apraxia of Speech shows that it has been arising from microdeletions of chromosome 16p11.2. [Source: http://www.nature.com/ejhg/journal/v21/n4/full/ejhg2012166a.html]
Treatment for Childhood Apraxia of Speech include planning, sequencing and coordination of muscle movements for speech production. The child must practice speech to improve speaking skill. Children with Childhood Apraxia of Speech need a supportive environment that helps them feel successful with communication.
Major research is going on for the understanding of Childhood Apraxia of Speech. Research shows that children with Childhood Apraxia of Speech have more success when they receive frequent and intensive treatment. Children attending alone for the treatment tend to do better than children attending for treatment in groups.