Chronic Wasting Disease | Italy| PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Chronic Wasting Disease

  • Chronic Wasting Disease

    Most cases of CWD occur in adult animals. The disease is progressive and always fatal. The most obvious and consistent clinical sign of CWD is weight loss over time. Behavioral changes also occur in the majority of cases, including decreased interactions with other animals, listlessness, lowering of the head, lethargy, repetitive walking in set patterns, and a smell like meat starting to rot. In elk, behavioral changes may also include hyper excitability and nervousness. Affected animals continue to eat grain, but may show decreased interest in hay. Excessive salivation and grinding of the teeth also are observed. Most deer show increased drinking and urination.

  • Chronic Wasting Disease

    The current ongoing research studies in Chronic Wasting Disease include Oral transmission and early lymphoid tropism of chronic wasting disease PrPres in mule deer fawns (Odocoileus hemionus), Transmission of prions from mule deer and elk with chronic wasting disease to transgenic mice expressing cervid PrP, Prions in skeletal muscles of deer with chronic wasting disease etc…

  • Chronic Wasting Disease

    No treatment is available for animals affected with CWD. Once clinical signs develop, CWD is invariably fatal. Affected animals that develop pneumonia may respond temporarily to treatment with antibiotics, but ultimately the outcome is still fatal. Similarly, no vaccine is available to prevent CWD infection in deer or elk. It follows that controlling CWD is problematic. Long incubation periods, subtle early clinical signs, absence of a reliable ante mortem diagnostic tests, extremely resistant infectious agent, possible environmental contamination, and incomplete understanding of transmission all constrain options for controlling or eradicating CWD.

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