Bleeding disorders are a group of disorders that share the inability to form a proper blood clot. Improper clotting can be caused by defects in blood components such as platelets and/or clotting proteins, also called clotting factors. Symptoms of a bleeding disorder include: Bleeding into joints, muscles and soft tissues, Excessive bruising, Prolonged, heavy menstrual periods (menorrhagia) Due to the sex-linkage of the disorder, there is a greater prominence in males than in females. About a third of new diagnoses are where there is no previous family history. It appears world-wide and occurs in all racial groups. About 6,000 people are affected with haemophilia in the Italy. There are about 5400 people in the Italy with haemophilia A and about 1100 with haemophilia B.
Blood tests can determine the presence of the haemophilia condition, and more specifically whether it is a type A or a type B disease. Usually, infants do not show signs before 9 months of age. Administration of clotting factors help affected individuals to live with the disease. There are various lifestyle changes that one can make as a haemophiliac, and though a serious disease, it can be tolerable with proper precautions and therapy. The prospects for youngster with haemophilia are excellent. Only a few decades ago, children with haemophilia had a significantly reduced life expectancy.
They were often crippled with arthritis and joint deformity by their teens and had to attend special schools for disabled people. Many recent studies have documented a greatly increased life-expectancy among people suffering from haemophilia in developed countries over the last few decades. Children with haemophilia now face few limitations Many of today's standards of research are based upon what was learned from clinical trials in the past such as reducing complications of clots, what causes clots. Some bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia, can be inherited or acquired. Others can occur from such conditions as anemia, cirrhosis of the liver, HIV, leukemia and vitamin K deficiency, lot of research is being done on these topics.