Congenital heart disease (congenital heart defect) is an abnormality in your heart's structure that you're born with. Although congenital heart disease is often considered a childhood condition, advances in surgical treatment mean most babies who once died of congenital heart disease survive well into adulthood. Congenital heart disease is common, occurring in ≈8 of 1000 live births. With the successes in cardiothoracic surgery over the past 3 decades and the ongoing improvements in the diagnostic, interventional, and critical care skills of pediatric cardiologists, ≈90% of children born with heart defects now survive to adulthood. In addition, using improved noninvasive techniques, adult cardiologists are increasingly identifying adults with septal defects that were undiagnosed in childhood. The adult congenital heart disease patients carry a spectrum of disease, from small septal defects and minor valvar obstructions to complex single-ventricle lesions that have been palliated with staged surgical repairs. It is estimated that >1 million adults in the United States now have congenital heart disease, outnumbering their pediatric counterparts for the first time.
Congenital heart disease can be mild or severe, treatment options vary. Your doctor may suggest a treatment to attempt to correct the heart defect itself or treat complications caused by the defect. Treatments your doctor may recommend include: Regular checkups, Medications, Implantable heart devices, Open-heart surgery. Women with congenital heart disease who wish to become pregnant should talk with their doctors before becoming pregnant. They should discuss possible risks, as well as any special care they might need during pregnancy.
Major research on disease:
CDC works to identify causes of heart defects, find opportunities to prevent them, and improve the health of those living with these conditions. Understanding the potential causes of heart defects can lead to recommendations, policies, and services to help prevent them. Researching health issues and needs across the lifespan can help us plan for services and ensure individuals born with these conditions are getting the care they need. The Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP) is a population-based tracking system for birth defects, including CHDs, among children born to residents of metropolitan Atlanta. Established in 1967, MACDP is the nation's first population-based system to actively track birth defects. A population-based tracking program allows researchers to look at all of the people with a certain condition (like a CHD) who live in a specific area. This is done so that researchers can get a complete picture of what is happening within the population. Statistics:
Preoperatively, 34.6% of patients were in New York Heart Association class I, 48.4% were in class II, 14.2% were in class III, and 2.8% were in class IV. Sinus rhythm was present in 83%. There were 1179 procedures performed in 856 patients (1.37 procedures per patient), with a hospital mortality of 3.1%. Overall mean intensive care unit stay was 2.3 days (range, 1-102 days). Major complications were reported in 247 (28.8%) patients, and postoperative arrhythmias were the most frequent. At a mean follow-up of 22 months (range, 1 month-5.5 years; completeness, 87%), late death occurred in 5 (0.5%) patients.