Congenital heart defects in children refers to a child was born with a problem in the structure of his or her heart. Some congenital heart defects in children are simple and don't need treatment, such as a small hole between heart chambers that closes on its own and other are more complex and require several surgeries performed over a period of several years.
Treatment with a catheter is much easier for the child to go through than surgery. Instead of opening the body with an incision as in surgery, the doctor makes a small cut in the skin and inserts a catheter (a thin tube) into the body through an artery or vein.
Statistics: During the years 1992 and 1993, eighteen centers for Pediatric Cardiology spread all over the Country enrolled 1445 new babies with congenital cardiac malformations from a population of 341,647 surveyed livebirths. The prevalence varied between 1.8% and 8.1%; the average being 4.6%. The large range in prevalence is presumed to be related to different customs and hierarchies in flow and referral of patients.
The major research work is for treating the Congenital heart defects in children is by tracking Birth defects tracking systems identify babies born with birth defects, including CHDs, and collect information to learn more about these conditions.Many states have birth defects tracking systems, which are vital to help us find out where, and when birth defects occur and who they affect.