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Dizziness is a term used to describe a range of sensations, such as feeling faint, woozy, weak or unsteady. Dizziness that creates the false sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving is called vertigo. Dizziness is an impairment in spatial perception and stability.
Symptoms: Symptoms of dizziness include: 1.lightheadedness. 2.vertigo. 3.unsteadiness. 4.loss of balance. 5.heavy headedness. 6.spaciness. Diagnosis: Physical examination and other tests like hearing test and this may include an audiometry test,tuning fork test in this test a tuning fork produces sound waves at a fixed pitch when it's gently tapped. The tester will tap the tuning fork before holding it at each side of your head. Videonystagmography-During this test, special goggles are placed over your eyes and you'll be asked to look at various still and moving targets. The goggles are fitted with a video camera to record the movements of your eyes.
Treament: The treatment of dizziness and vertigo may include medication, physical therapy, and psychotherapy; a few limited cases may require surgical treatment. peripheral vestibular dysfunction tends to improve and because there is central vestibular compensation for asymmetrical peripheral vestibular tone. Moreover, most of these conditions can be treated successfully.
Epidemology: About 15% of the population has dizziness. Of these, 40% have otologic dizziness. 10% have central dizziness. 25% have medical dizziness. 25% have undiagnosed dizziness. A less precise method of measuring dizziness is to just look at how many patients present to medical clinics. Dizziness is the primary complaint in 2.5% all primary care visits = 8 million/year visits. About 300,000 persons were affected in the United states over 1986-1988 per year with dizziness and vertigo. About 26% of them were unable to work, accounting for an economic impact of about 75,000 persons per year unable to work due to dizziness and vertigo.