Dry eyes is a common condition that occurs when your tears aren't able to provide adequate lubrication for your eyes. Tears can be inadequate for many reasons For example, dry eyes may occur if you don't produce enough tears or if you produce poor-quality tears. Dry eyes feel uncomfortable. xerophthalmia, or simply dry eyes , is an eye disease in which tear film evaporation is high or tear production is low. Dry eye syndrome is commonly found in humans and some animals. The patient's eyes dry out and become inflamed.
Symptoms: A stinging sensation in the eyes . A burning sensation in the eyes . Feeling of dryness in the eyes . Feeling of grittiness and soreness in the eyes . Stringy mucus in or around the eyes . Eye sensitivity to smoke . Eye sensitivity to wind (eyes water more in the wind) .Redness of the eyes .Eye fatigue, even after reading for a relatively short period . Photophobia - sensitivity to light . Discomfort when wearing contact lenses . Tearing . sBlurred vision - uually worse towards the end of the day . Double vision . Eyelids stick together when waking up.
Diagnosis: Most GPs (general practitioners, primary care physicians) can diagnose dry eye syndrome from signs, asking the patient about symptoms and looking at the patient's medical history. The optometrist may carry out a number of tests, including: 1.The schirmer test 2.The rose Bengal test Treament: Though dry eyes cannot be cured, there are a number of steps that can be taken to treat them.Treaments of dry eyes include: 1.Artificial tear drops and ointments. 2.temporary punctual occlusion. 3.Non dissolving punctual plugs and punctual occlusion by cautery. 4.lipiflow. 5.restasis. 6.other medications and nutrition.
Epidemology: Recommendations are made regarding several characteristics of dry eye questionnaires that might be suitable for use in epidemiological studies and randomized controlled clinical trials. Risk factors for dry eye and morbidity of the disease are identified, and the impact of dry eye disease on quality of life and visual function are outlined.