Cardiomegaly is a medical condition in which the heart is enlarged. It is more commonly referred to as an enlarged heart. An enlarged heart may not pump blood effectively, resulting in congestive heart failure. The causes of cardiomegaly may vary. Many times this condition results from high blood pressure hypertension or coronary artery disease.
Symptoms: If an enlarged heart becomes unable to pump blood effectively, symptoms of congestive heart failure can develop: Shortness of breath (especially with exertion or when lying flat) Leg swelling. Increased abdominal girth. Weight gain. Fatigue. Palpitations or skipped heartbeats.
Diagnosis: There are two main types of cardiomegaly: 1.Dilated cardiomyopathy. 2.Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: There are many tests they are a. Chest X-Ray b. Electrocardiogram c. Echocardiogram d. Stress test e. Blood tests.
Treament: Diuretics: to lower the amount of sodium and water in your body, which can help lower the pressure in your arteries and heart. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors: to lower your blood pressure and improve your heart's pumping ability. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs): to provide the benefits of ACE inhibitors for those who can't take ACE inhibitors. Beta blockers: to lower blood pressure and improve heart function. Digoxin: to help improve the pumping function of your heart and lessen the need for hospitalization for heart failure. Anticoagulants: to reduce the risk of blood clots that could cause a heart attack or stroke. Anti-arrhythmics: to keep your heart beating with a normal rhythm.