It is a flap of cartilage behind the root of the tongue, which is depressed during swallowing to cover the opening of the windpipe.
Symptoms: Epiglottitis symptoms include: Trouble breathing (respiratory distress), Drooling, Leaning forward to breathe, Taking rapid shallow breaths, "pulling in" of muscles in the neck or between the ribs with breathing (retractions), High-pitched whistling sound when breathing (stridor), and. Trouble speaking.
Diagnosis: A pulse oximeter is a device that estimates blood oxygen levels. This device: Clips onto a finger. Measures an estimation of the saturation of oxygen in your blood. If oxygen saturation levels drop too low, child may need help breathing. Tests after stabilizing breathing: Throat examination. Chest or neck X-ray. Throat culture and blood tests.
Treament: Initially Antibiotics may be prescribed to the patient. Broad spectrum antibiotics are designed to treat a wide range of bacterial infections. Once the type of infection has been identified, a more specific type of antibiotic may be used.
Epidemology: epiglottitis is an uncommon disease with an incidence in adults of about 1 case per 100,000 per year. Adult epiglottitis is most frequently a disease of men (male-to-female ratio, approximately 3:1), occurring during the fifth decade of life (average age, about 45 y). The ratio of incidence in children to adults was 2.6:1 in 1980 and dropped to 0.4:1 in 1993, a dramatic decrease in occurrence since the introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine.