Ocular melanoma (melanoma in or around the eye) is a type of cancer that develops in the cells that produce pigment ? the substance that gives your skin, hair and eyes color.
Symptoms: Problems with vision (blurry vision or sudden loss of vision) . Floaters (spots or squiggles drifting in the field of vision) or flashes of light. . Visual field loss (losing part of your field of sight) . A growing dark spot on the colored part of the eye (iris)
Diagnosis: Examination of the eye by an ophthalmologist (a medical doctor specializing in eye diseases) is often the most important step in diagnosing melanoma of the eye.It is examined through an ophthalmoscope, an indirect ophthalmoscope and gonioscopy lens.
Treament: Treament can be given by some of the therapies such as plague radiotherapy, proton beam radiotherapy and stereotactic radiotherapy. Types of surgery are Enucleation, Iridectomy, Iridocyclectomy, Trans-sclera local resection, Trans-Retinal Endoresection.
Epidemology: Uveal melanomas are the most common primary intraocular tumor in adults. The incidence has remained stable for several years.