Parasitization or disease caused by any of the flukes of the genus Fasciolopsis. A parasitic disease caused by flukes of the genus Fasciolopsis and characterized by abdominal pain and diarrhea. The disease is usually acquired by eating contaminated water plants such as raw water chestnuts but is also possibly acquired by drinking untreated water.
Symptoms: Many people do not have symptoms from Fasciolopsis infection. However, abdominal pain and diarrhea can occur 1 or 2 months after infection. With heavy infections Fasciolopsis flukes can cause intestinal obstruction, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever.
Diagnosis: Microscopic identification of eggs, or more rarely of the adult flukes, in the stool or vomitus is the basis of specific diagnosis. The eggs are indistinguishable from those of Fasciola hepatica.
Treament: Praziquantel is the drug of choice for treatment. Treatment of children with F. buski have shown tetrachloroethylene as capable of reducing faecal egg counts by up to 99%. Other anthelmintics that can be used include thiabendazole, mebendazole, levamisole and pyrantel pamoate. oxyclozanide, hexachlorophene and nitroxynil are also highly effective.
Epidemology: Thirty-day case-fatality rates for all strokes ranged from 18?1% to 33?0% while one-year case-fatality rates ranged from 37?9% to 40?2%. Data from selected Italian registers on stroke incidence and case-fatality indicate the great burden of the disease on our national healthcare system. The continuous implementation of preventive strategies, either population-based or addressed to the single patient at a high risk of stroke, is important to reduce the burden of the disease.