German measles is an acute contagious disease caused by togavirus. It is considered to be milder than typical measles but it is fatal to the fetus when occurring early in pregnancy. German measles is also known as Rubella. It usually affects children and young people. It is a contagious condition that can be transmitted between humans via airborne droplets when infected individuals cough or sneeze.
Symptoms and Treatment
The symptoms for German Measles include mild fever, runny or stuffy nose, headache, muscle pain, inflamed or red eyes, swollen lymph nodes, pink rash. German measles is diagnosed based on the levels of antibodies. German measles is treated with antibodies called hyperimmune globulin that can fight off the infection. This reduces the symptoms.
In Italy, a monovalent rubella vaccine was first available in 1972. In 2003, when Italy approved the first national measles and congenital rubella elimination plan, a two-dose schedule was adopted in all regions.