Meningococcal bacteria multiply in the blood, releasing endotoxins (poisons) that cause widespread damage to the body The toxins in the blood damage blood vessels and stop the vital flow of oxygen to the organs including the skin and underlying tissues Septicaemia is generally more life-threatening than meningitis.
21 percent of all meningococcal disease cases occur in preteens, teens and young adults ages 11–24. 1 in 5 teens have not yet received their first dose of the meningococcal vaccination against serogroups A, C, W and Y and remain unprotected. Less than one-third of first dose recipients have received the recommended booster dose.
Meningococcal disease is treated with antibiotics. When given shortly after the start of symptoms, these antibiotics may prevent the disease from getting worse. Because this infection spreads to others very easily, all those who have been in contact with some diagnosed with meningococcal infection should contact their physician.
Major research on disease:
Complications and sequelae of meningococcal disease.In many cases, an individual who has been in contact with someone with meningococcal infection may be given an antibiotic to help prevent meningococcal disease. Ideally, this antibiotic should be given within 24 hours of exposure to the person with meningococcal disease.