Migraine is a neurological disease characterized by recurrent moderate to severe headaches often in association with a number of autonomic nervous system symptoms. Associated symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell. The pain is generally made worse by physical activity. Migraines are believed to be due to a mixture of environmental and genetic factors.
The ID Migraine Screener Test was used to classify subjects into 4 groups: "Definite migraine" (3/3 positive answers: n = 1,042; 34 %), "Probable migraine" (2/3: n = 969; 31.6 %), "Unlikely migraine" (1/3: n = 630; 20.5 %), and "Other headaches" (0/3: n = 424; 13.8 %). Only Definite and Probable migraines (n = 2,011) are considered in this paper. Amongst the drugs usually taken by the patients, NSAIDs were more common in the Probable migraine group (60.7 %) than in the Definite migraine (44.7 %) group (p < 0.001).
On the contrary, triptans were more commonly used by the Definite migraine group (42.9 %) than the Probable migraine (23.7 %) group (p < 0.001), and combination drugs were preferentially (p < 0.001) chosen by the Definite (13.8 %) rather than the Probable migraine group (8.7 %). A total of 29.2 % of respondents reported that for the management of their headaches, they did not avail themselves of any type of professional healthcare, such as their general practitioner, a headache specialist, or a Headache Center.