It is a degenerative neurological disorder.Multiple system atrophy effects the nerve cells in specific areas of the brain and it causes problems with movement, balance, and autonomic functions of the body such as bladder control or blood-pressure regulation.MSA is also known as Shy-Drager syndrome. The symptoms of shy-drager are like Parkinson's disease-like symptoms.Currently there is no specific treatment available to cure multiple system atrophy.Physiotherapy can help to manage symptoms.
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a form of atypical parkinsonism with unknown etiology. The epidemiological studies conducted up to now on this disease are scarce. The incidence rate is about 0.6 cases per 100,000 persons per year. The prevalence rates show 4-5 cases per 100,000 persons. In Italy, about 4,900 prevalent cases have been estimated. The mean onset age is about 54 years; the median survival is 7-9 years. Only one case-control study has been performed on this disease. This study showed an increased risk of MSA associated with occupational exposure to organic solvents, plastic monomers and additives, pesticides and metals.