Non-polio enterovirus infections cause symptoms and signs such as sneezing, mouth blisters, and fever. Symptoms and signs of EV-D68 infection include rash, cough, and breathing problems. Treatment focuses on supportive care, such as oxygen therapy, inhaled steroids, and ventilator support. A vaccine is available to prevent polio, but there are no vaccines available to prevent non-polio enterovirus infections. However, avoiding contact with infected individuals, using good hand washing techniques, and disinfecting items that contact infected individuals can reduce the chance of becoming infected.
If an infection occurs shortly before delivery of the baby, there is a chance that the mother may pass the infection to her baby. In most of these cases, the baby only develops a mild illness, but rare cases can lead to severe infection.