Sleeping sickness, also called "human African trypanosomiasis", is a widespread tropical disease that can be fatal if not treated. It is spread by the bite of an infected tsetse fly (Glossina Genus), a species native to the African continent. Sixty million people who live mainly in rural parts of East, West and Central Africa are at risk of contracting sleeping sickness. Anxiety,Drowsiness during the dayFever Headache Insomnia at nightMood changes Sleepiness (may be uncontrollable)SweatinSwollen lymph nodes all over the bodySwollen, red, painful nodule at site of fly bite Weakness.
Treatment: Pentamidine injections protect against T. b. gambiense. But not against T. b. rhodesiense . Because this medicine is toxic, using it for prevention is not recommended.Insect control measures can help prevent the spread of sleeping sickness in high-risk areas.
For the first time in more than 50 years, the number of reported cases dropped below 10,000 cases per year: 9878 new cases were reported in 2009 and 7139 in 2010. The decrease of cases reported during the period 2001-2010 has been 73,4%. This reduction does not reflect a lack of control efforts as active testing has been maintained between 3 million and 2 million and a half people screened by year and the number of health centres and hospitals participating in the passive screening has increased