Aneurysms are acquired lesions related to hemodynamic stress on the arterial walls at bifurcation points and bends. Saccular or berry aneurysms are specific to the intracranial arteries because their walls lack an external elastic lamina and contain a very thin adventitia—factors that may predispose to the formation of aneurysms.
An additional feature is that they lie unsupported in the subarachnoid space.Among the 106 participating centers, 15 did not use ICP monitoring at all. The remaining 91 had used 3293 ICP devices during the year 2001; 146 were used in tumor cases, 2009 in TBI, and 1138 in SAH. Twenty-two percent of TBI cases admitted to centers with ICP equipment were monitored. Restricting this analysis to severe cases, 47% of TBI with a GCS <8 had ICP.
Treatement is • Remove large collections of blood or relieve pressure on the brain if the hemorrhage is due to an injury • Repair the aneurysm if the hemorrhage is due to an aneurysm rupture If the person is critically ill, surgery may have to wait until the person is more stable. Ongoing Research is being done at Subarachnoid haemorrhage centres.