The pathophysiology of this process occurs because the veins above the heart have no valves. A rapid rise in the abdominal pressure induces a rapid rise in the intravenous pressure, and various vessels inside or around the eye may rupture7 . Various straining activities such as heavy lifting, coughing, vomiting, blowing balloons and straining on a stool if constipated frequently lead to subconjunctival haemorrhages.
A total of 10,090 patients (mean age 57.2 ± 16.7 years, range 0-94, median 58.4) were evaluated. A total of 39.3% had ocular trauma, 34.9% inflammatory ocular surface disorder, 5.7% floaters, 3.3% visual symptoms of neurologic origin, 1.6% uveitis, 1.5% ocular hypertension, 0.8% retinal tear or detachment, 0.7% retinal vascular disease, and 0.5% other causes. A total of 1.6% of the patients were hospitalized.
The treatment required to use eyedrops, such as artificial tears, to soothe any scratchy feeling you have in your eye. Beyond that, the blood in your eye will absorb within about one to two weeks, and you'll need no treatment. Ongoing Research is being done at Subconjunctival hemorrhage centres.