Tendinitis is inflammation or irritation of a tendon, Tendons transmit the forces of muscle to the skeleton. As such, they are subjected to repeated mechanical loads, which are felt to be a major causative factor in the development of tendinopathy. Pathologic findings include tendon inflammation, mucoid degeneration, and fibrinoid necrosis in tendons. Microtearing and proliferation of fibroblasts have also been reported. However, the exact pathogenesis of tendinopathy is unclear.
The study was performed by linking automated health databases from the Region of Lombardia, Italy. 22,194 cases and 104,906 controls met the inclusion criteria. Current use of fluoroquinolones significantly increased the risk of tendon disorders as a whole, tendon rupture and rupture of the Achilles' tendon. Concomitant use of corticosteroids and fluoroquinolones increased the risk of both tendon rupture and rupture of the Achilles' tendon.
Tendinitis may go away over time. If not, the doctor will recommend treatments to reduce pain and inflammation and preserve mobility to prevent disability and recurrence. He may provide a referral to a rheumatologist, an orthopaedic surgeon or a physical therapist for specialized treatment. When properly treated, most tendinitis conditions don’t result in permanent joint damage or disability.