A tooth abscess is a collection of infected material (pus) in the center of a tooth. It is due to bacterial infection. A tooth abscess is a complication of tooth decay. It may also occur when a tooth is broken or chipped. Openings in the tooth enamel allow bacteria to infect the center of the tooth (the pulp). Infection may spread from the root of the tooth to the bones supporting the tooth. In Italy number of new cases of Tooth abscessdiagnosed in 2015 is 3,690 (1,970 males; 1,720 females). In 2015, it is estimated that the risk of an individual dying from pancreatic cancer by their 80th birthday will be 1 in 70 (1 in 66 for males and 1 in 81 for females).
Treatment may involve typical dental procedures, and in some occasional surgery. There are 3 type of surgeries: Incision, Treating a periapical abscess, Treating a periodontal abscess. Future research deals with determination of various host and environmental factors that put an individual at risk for development of dental abscess. Increased reliance on novel molecular techniques has enriched our knowledge of the diverse polymicrobial collection that constitutes a dental abscess.