Tourette Syndrome is a neurological condition, characterized by a combination of involuntary noises (grunting, coughing or shouting) and movements (jerking of the head or jumping) called tics. It usually starts in early childhood and continues into adulthood. In many cases Tourette's syndrome runs in families and it is commonly associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The exact cause of the disorder is not known. It is estimated that 1 in every 100 persons has TS. Nearly 55% patients have ADHD or OCD in addition to Tourette's. It is 4-5 times more frequently observed in males than in females.
There is no standard therapy for TS. In case of mild symptoms, treatment for TS is usually limited to education. Cognitive behavioral therapy and Relaxation techniques may be helpful in some patients. The alpha2-adrenergic agonists (clonidine) may be effective at treating underlying ADHD symptoms, although CNS stimulants and atypical neuroleptics can be used concurrently. Massage therapies, exercise, chiropractic therapy and acupuncture have been used to help relieve pain or soreness resulting from tics. Research is being done to use traditional Chinese medicine, homeopathy to prevent the occurrence of tics.