Angiostrongylus is an infection caused by parasites. It is a parasitic infection caused by Angiostrongylus Cantononsis. Mainly people are affected by this disease by taking raw food or uncooked vegetables, contaminated water. Infection mainly starts in oesophageal part of stomach and spreads to nervous system. Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a helminth of the phylus Nematoda order Strongylida, and superfamily Metastrongyloidea
Nematodes are roundworms characterized by a tough outer cuticle, unsegmented bodies, and a fully developed gastrointestinal tract. The order Strongylida includes hookworms and lungworms. Metastrongyloidea are characterized as long, slender, threadlike worms that reside in the lungs of the definitive host. Angiostrongylus costaricensis is a closely related worm that causes intestinal Angiostrongyliasis. Symptoms of Angiostrongylus: Symptoms of disease is fever, headache, neck stiffness, nausea, vomiting, tingling, severe sensitivity of touch, skin diseases, blindness, paralysis, coma, sometimes it may leads to death.
Types of Angiostrongylus: There are 2 types of Angiostrongylus they are reservoirs and vectors. These plays a vital role in infection of disease. Tests and Diagnosis: Diagnosis of Angiostrongylus can be done by different tests they are Lumbar Puncture, Brain Imaging and Serology.
Statistics: In Japan, Angiostrongylus infection affects males and females in equal numbers. The prevalence of Angelman syndrome is estimated to be out of 40,270,700 population, people affected by Angiostrongylus infection are 4,022. It shows less prevalence.