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Arteriovenous Fistula

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  • Arteriovenous fistula

    Arteriovenous fistula An arteriovenous fistula (AV fistula) is the connection of a vein and an artery, usually in the forearm, to allow access to the vascular system for hemodialysis, a procedure that performs the functions of the kidneys in people whose kidneys have failed. Connecting the vein and artery is a surgical procedure. The fistula develops over a period of months after the surgery.

  • Arteriovenous fistula

     symptoms: Blueness of the skin, Clubbing of fingers, Coughing up blood, bulging veins, Swelling legs, Decreased blood pressure, Fatigue, Heart failure. causes: An arteriovenous fistula may develop as a complication of a procedure called cardiac catheterization., there is a chance to develop an arteriovenous fistula after Injuries that pierce the skin, Being born with an arteriovenous fistula, People who have late-stage kidney failure may also have an arteriovenous fistula.


  • Arteriovenous fistula

     Diagnosis: Surgery to create an arteriovenous fistula is usually conducted using a local anesthetic, injected at the site of the proposed fistula. The procedure is performed in a hospital or one-day surgery center and can usually be performed on an outpatient basis if the patient is not already hospitalized. After cleaning and sterilizing the site, the surgeon will make a small incision in the forearm sufficient to allow the permanent joining together of a vein and an artery in the arm. The blood vessels will be appropriately blocked to stop blood flow for the procedure and incisions will be made to join them. 

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