Atrial flutter is an abnormal cardiac rhythm characterized by rapid, regular atrial depolarizations at a characteristic rate of approximately 300 beats/min and a regular ventricular rate of about 150 beats/min in patients not taking atrioventricular (AV) nodal blockers. It can lead to symptoms of palpitations, shortness of breath, fatigue, or lightheadedness, as well as an increased risk of atrial thrombus formation that may cause cerebral and/or systemic embolization.
Atrial flutter occurs in many of the same situations as atrial fibrillation, which is much more common. Atrial flutter may be a stable rhythm or a bridge arrhythmia between sinus rhythm and atrial fibrillation. It may also be associated with a variety of other supraventricular arrhythmias. In atrial flutter, your heart's upper chambers (atria) beat too quickly. This causes the heart to beat in a fast, regular rhythm. Atrial flutter is a type of heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia) caused by problems in your heart's electrical system. Atrial flutter is similar to atrial fibrillation, a common heart rhythm disorder.
The prevalence rate of AF increased as both male and female subjects aged, and it was 4.4% for men but only 2.2% for women aged 80 years or more (p<0.0001). As a whole, the AF prevalence of men was three times that of women (1.35 versus 0.43%, p<0.0001). There may be approximately 716,000 people (95% confidence interval (CI), 711,000-720,000) with AF in Japan, an overall prevalence of 0.56%. The number of people having AF was projected to be 1.034 (95% CI, 1.029-1.039) million, an overall prevalence of 1.09%, in 2050.