Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a heart defect that is present at birth (congenital). As a baby develops in the womb, a wall (called the interatrial septum) forms that divides the upper chamber into a left and right atrium. An abnormal formation of this wall can result in a hole that remains after birth.This defect allows oxygen-rich blood to leak into the oxygen-poor blood chambers in the heart. The septum is a wall that separates the heart's left and right sides.
ASD closure at our center between August 2005 and March 2012 responded to a questionnaire that neurologists used to diagnose migraine either with or without aura (MA or MO, respectively). The questionnaire was mailed to all patients from May 2012 to March 2013. The time interval from closure to questionnaire administration was 39 ± 19 months (range: 3 to 80 months). Migraine prevalence before ASD closure was compared with that reported in the Japanese general population after adjustment for sex and age.
There are no known medications that can repair the hole.Surgery may also be recommended for an adult who has many or severe symptoms. Surgery involves fixing the hole and may be done through cardiac catheterization or open-heart surgery. After surgery, follow-up care will depend on the size of the defect, person’s age, and whether the person has oTreatment ther birth defects.