BPPV is a mechanical problem in the inner ear. It occurs when some of the calcium carbonate crystals (otoconia) that are normally embedded in gel in the utricle become dislodged and migrate into one or more of the 3 fluid-filled semicircular canals, where they are not supposed to be.
The signs and symptoms: Dizziness, A sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo), A loss of balance or unsteadiness, Nausea, Vomiting. May treat you with a series of movements known as the canalith repositioning procedure, Surgical treatment.
BPPV is idiopathic or secondary to other clinical conditions, i.e.: head trauma (7 to 17%), vestibular neuritis (up to 15%), Meniere's disease (0.5 to 31%) the BPPV in 68% of patients with Meniere's disease.
Treatment options include watchful waiting, vestibulosuppressant medication, vestibular rehabilitation, canalith repositioning, and surgery.