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Cardiomyopathy

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Patho physiology: Cardiomyopathy refers to diseases of the heart muscle. These diseases have many causes, signs and symptoms, and treatments.In cardiomyopathy, the heart muscle becomes enlarged, thick, or rigid. In rare cases, the muscle tissue in the heart is replaced with scar tissue.As cardiomyopathy worsens, the heart becomes weaker. It's less able to pump blood through the body and maintain a normal electrical rhythm. This can lead to heart failure or irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias. In turn, heart failure can cause fluid to build up in the lungs, ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen.The weakening of the heart also can cause other complications, such as heart valve problems.

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Treatment: People who have cardiomyopathy but no signs or symptoms may not need treatment. Sometimes, dilated cardiomyopathy that comes on suddenly may go away on its own. For other people who have cardiomyopathy, treatment is needed. Treatment depends on the type of cardiomyopathy you have, the severity of your symptoms and complications, and your age and overall health. Treatments may include: Heart-healthy lifestyle changes, Medicines, Nonsurgical procedure, Surgery and implanted devices. The main goals of treating cardiomyopathy include: • Controlling signs and symptoms so that you can live as normally as possible • Managing any conditions that cause or contribute to the disease • Reducing complications and the risk of sudden cardiac arrest • Stopping the disease from getting worse

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Research: Prevalence and Disease Outcome: because recognition of inherited disease is often limited by practice patterns which are in turn heavily influenced by the urgent demands of caring for sick patients, an important proportion of inherited disease is misdiagnosed. As an example, we discovered that nearly 25% of patients undergoing heart transplant for end stage cardiomyopathy have inherited disease, whereas current recognition of inherited disease in this population is limited to 4% of patients. This research was presented at the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplant in Prague (2012).

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Statistics: One hundred and fifty patients with DCM were divided into 2 groups: group A (n=46) (diagnosis: 1982-1989) and group B (n=104) (diagnosis: 1990-2002). During follow-up period of 6.9+/-4.8 years, 62 patients died and 1 patient had a heart transplant. The survival rate at 5 and 10 years was 60.9% and 34.8%, respectively, in group A patients, and 80.9% and 65.3%, respectively, in group B patients (p=0.0079). In group A patients, ACEI/ARB or beta blockers were less frequently used (p<0.0001), whereas antiarrhythmics (class Ia or Ib) were more often used (p<0.0001). The patients treated with ACEI/ARB and beta blockers showed a better survival rate than those without (p<0.0001). The patients with antiarrhythmics showed a worse survival rate than those without (p<0.0001).

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