Bleeding disorders are a group of disorders that share the inability to form a proper blood clot. Improper clotting can be caused by defects in blood components such as platelets and/or clotting proteins, also called clotting factors. Symptoms of a bleeding disorder include: Bleeding into joints, muscles and soft tissues, Excessive bruising, Prolonged, heavy menstrual periods (menorrhagia) In reviewing the mortality statistics of Japan, one sees that thrombosis is a significant underlying factor for cause of death. A malignant neoplasm or cancer remains the most common cause of death at 310,000 deaths annually,. Among them, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disorders include various forms of clinical conditions that are caused by blood clots, such as cardiac infarction and cerebral thrombosis. Surprisingly, they account for approximately 30% of total deaths.
Blood clot diseases such as Thrombosis is a horrible and life-threatening disease that must be taken seriously. Anticoagulant medicines prevent blood clots getting bigger. They can also help stop part of the blood clot breaking off and becoming lodged in another part of your bloodstream (an embolism). Although they are often referred to as "blood-thinning" medicines, anticoagulants do not actually thin the blood. They alter chemicals within it, which prevents clots forming so easily. Two different types of anticoagulants are used to treat DVT: heparin, warfarin Heparin is usually prescribed first because it works immediately to prevent further clotting. After this initial treatment, you may also need to take warfarin to prevent another blood clot forming.
Many of today's standards of research are based upon what was learned from clinical trials in the past such as reducing complications of clots, what causes clots. Some bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia, can be inherited or acquired. Others can occur from such conditions as anemia, cirrhosis of the liver, HIV, leukemia and vitamin K deficiency, lot of research is being done on these topics.