Congenital heart defects in children refers to a child was born with a problem in the structure of his or her heart. Some congenital heart defects in children are simple and don't need treatment, such as a small hole between heart chambers that closes on its own and other are more complex and require several surgeries performed over a period of several years.
Treatment with a catheter is much easier for the child to go through than surgery. Instead of opening the body with an incision as in surgery, the doctor makes a small cut in the skin and inserts a catheter (a thin tube) into the body through an artery or vein.
In 1967, 163,058 patients with CHD including 53,846 adults were assumed to be alive. From 1968 to 1997, 548,360 patients with CHD were born and 82,919 died. A total of 622,800 patients, including 304,474 children (49%) and 318,326 adults (51%) were estimated to be alive in 1997. From 1997 to 2007, there has been an estimated increase of 9000 adults every year, and in 2007, 409,101 adults are estimated to be alive.
The major research work is for treating the Congenital heart defects in children is by tracking Birth defects tracking systems identify babies born with birth defects, including CHDs, and collect information to learn more about these conditions.Many states have birth defects tracking systems, which are vital to help us find out where, and when birth defects occur and who they affect.