Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin that has many causes and occurs in many forms. It usually involves an itchy rash on swollen, reddened skin. Symptoms of dermatitis include redness, itching, and in some cases blistering. More serious dermatitis may result in crusty scales, painful cracks. Dermatitis is a common condition that's not contagious and usually isn't life-threatening. Even so, it can make you feel uncomfortable and self-conscious.
Atopic Dermatitis (AD) is the second most frequently observed skin disease in dermatology clinics in Japan. Prevalence of childhood AD is 12-13% in mainland Japan; however, it is only half that (about 6%) in children from Ishigaki Island, Okinawa. 1-year prevalence and lifetime prevalence of AD in Japanese adults were 2.9%, 3.0% and 3.3%, respectively.
Doctor may diagnose dermatitis after talking to patient about signs and symptoms and by examining skin and May also suggest doing a skin biopsy or other tests, most common is Patch Testing. The treatment for dermatitis varies, depending on the cause and each person's experience of the condition. The cornerstone of most dermatitis treatment plans includes Applying corticosteroid creams, Applying certain creams or lotions that affect your immune system. Exposing the affected area to controlled amounts of natural or artificial light (phototherapy).
Scientists in Japan have discovered that Phase I and Phase II clinical research has identified biomarkers for current, non-specific treatments for atopic dermatitis, suggesting that earlier diagnosis and treatment of the inflammatory skin disease are within reach.