Psychosocial short stature (PSS) is a disorder of short stature or growth failure and/or delayed puberty of infancy, childhood, and adolescence that is observed in association with emotional deprivation, a pathologic psychosocial environment, or both. Dwarfism is generally defined as an adult height of 4 feet 10 inches (147 centimeters) or less.
The most common cause of dwarfism is a disorder called achondroplasia, which causes disproportionately short stature. This disorder usually results in the following: An average-size trunk, Short arms and legs, with particularly short upper arms and upper legs Short fingers, often with a wide separation between the middle and ring fingers, Limited mobility at the elbows, A disproportionately large head, with a prominent forehead and a flattened bridge of the nose, Progressive development of bowed legs.
Most dwarfism treatments don't increase stature but may correct or relieve problems caused by complications. Surgical treatments (Correcting the direction in which bones are growing, Increasing the size of the opening in bones of the spine (vertebrae) to alleviate pressure on the spinal cord, Placing a shunt to remove excess fluid around the brain), Limb lengthening, Hormone therapy etc. Dwarfism is a form of growth failure related to severe abuse or neglect that there is no epidemiological data available on the actual incidence. Mortality rates are unknown. All races are affected by child neglect; however, literature and early studies report that most cases of dwarfism occur in Caucasians.