Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ in women where fetal development occurs. It begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. It is sometimes called uterine cancer. Other types of cancer can form in the uterus, including uterine sarcoma, but they are much less common than endometrial cancer. It is often detected at an early stage because it frequently produces abnormal vaginal bleeding, which prompts women to see their doctors. If it is discovered early, removing the uterus surgically often cures endometrial cancer.
Signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer may include: Vaginal bleeding after menopause, bleeding between periods, an abnormal, watery or blood-tinged discharge from your vagina, pelvic pain, pain during intercourse etc.
Surgery to remove the uterus is recommended for most women with endometrial cancer. Most women with endometrial cancer undergo a procedure to remove the uterus (hysterectomy), as well as to remove the fallopian tubes and ovaries (salpingo-oophorectomy). Radiation therapy uses powerful energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy can involve: Radiation from a machine outside your body and radiation placed inside your body. Hormone therapy involves taking Medications to increase the amount of progesterone in your body and Medications to reduce the amount of estrogen in your body. Complications that may occur from therapy include complications that are normally expected from the surgical procedure itself. Endometrial cancer is a very common malignancy affecting hundreds of thousands of women worldwide; especially in japan with the number of cases increasing annually.