alexa Hypoplastic left heart syndrome | Japan| PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome

    Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a complex and rare heart defect present at birth (congenital). In hypoplastic left heart syndrome, the left side of the heart is critically underdeveloped. If your baby is born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, the left side of the heart can't effectively pump blood to the body, so the right side of the heart must pump blood to the lungs and to the rest of the body.There is no known cause in the majority of HLHS cases.There is likely a genetic component, as HLHS has been shown to be heritable and associated with specific gene mutations. 

  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome

    Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is treated through several surgical procedures or a heart transplant. Your doctor will discuss with you the treatment options for your child. If the diagnosis has been made before the baby is born, doctors usually recommend delivery at a hospital with a cardiac surgery center. Medication to prevent closure of the connection (ductus arteriosus) between the right and left sides, followed by either surgery or a heart transplant, is necessary to treat hypoplastic left heart syndrome.

  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome

    Researchers actively study new treatments and surgeries for children who have hypoplastic left heart syndrome and other congenital heart diseases. Ongoing research includes studies in imaging and outcomes, human genetics and regenerative medicine strategies. Mayo doctors are also assembling a biorepository of patient and family histories, heart images, tissue and cell samples, and genomic information of people with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and their family members to further study the condition.

  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome

    Three hundred and thirty-three consecutive patients (age range, 42 days to 16 years old) underwent BDG at Fukuoka Children's Hospital Medical Center from 1992 to 2004. Diagnoses included hypoplastic left heart syndrome in 47, pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum in 32, tricuspid valve atresia in 35, and other complex univentricular heart defects in 219 patients (right dominant in 166, left dominant in 53).There were three hospital deaths and 27 late deaths (five after TCPC). Six patients underwent takedown operation. Two hundred and thirty patients underwent TCPC, while 66 patients were waiting for TCPC. In five patients, completion of TCPC was contraindicated.

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