Three hundred and thirty-three consecutive patients (age range, 42 days to 16 years old) underwent BDG at Fukuoka Children's Hospital Medical Center from 1992 to 2004. Diagnoses included hypoplastic left heart syndrome in 47, pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum in 32, tricuspid valve atresia in 35, and other complex univentricular heart defects in 219 patients (right dominant in 166, left dominant in 53).There were three hospital deaths and 27 late deaths (five after TCPC). Six patients underwent takedown operation. Two hundred and thirty patients underwent TCPC, while 66 patients were waiting for TCPC. In five patients, completion of TCPC was contraindicated.