Intracranial venous malformations are abnormally enlarged veins in brain. Venous malformations are a type of blood vessel abnormality in the brain or spinal cord.
Intracerebral hemorrhage accounts for 10 – 15% of all strokes in Western populations and is defined as the non-traumatic, abrupt onset of severe headache, altered level of consciousness, or focal neurological deficit associated with a focal collection of blood within the brain parenchyma on neuroimaging or at autopsy which is not due to trauma or hemorrhagic conversion of a cerebral infarctionour understanding of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). In the pre-CT era, many small ICHs were misclassified as ischemic strokes and patients with massive ICH or subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were often difficult to correctly classify.
The most important goal AVM treatment is to prevent internal bleeding from rupture, because which can lead to stroke / death. However, seizure control or stabilization of progressive neurological deficits are occasionally treatment goals. Though medication may be prescribed, it does not cure AVMs but medications are used to control pain and seizures. The management options for brain AVMs include observation or various treatment techniques, such as endovascular embolization, microsurgical techniques and stereotactic radiotherapy used alone or in combination with varying degrees of treatment-associated morbidity and mortality.