Ménière disease is a syndrome in which episodes of spinning vertigo (sense of the room spinning), hearing loss, and tinnitus(ringing in the ear)is experience .This is a disease affecting the inner ear which results in three problems: intermittant attacks of vertigo fluctuating hearing loss fluctuating tinnitus.
It is a very over-diagnosed condition, but no-one can be diagnosed withMenière's Disease without all three of these symptoms. It can affect one or both ears. It is thought to be due to an increase of pressure within one of the fluid compartments within the inner ear. When the pressure gets too high, there is a distortion of the hearing, an increase of loudness of tinnitus, and a feeling of fullness in the ear.
It was reported that the frequency of Meniere patients had increased from 100 to 3400 per 100,000 ENT clinic outpatients in Japan since the end of the Second World War, concluding that the increase was due to the “westernization” of the Japanese way of life. The occurrence as 157 cases per 100,000 (Cawthorne and Hewlett 1954) and 100 per 100,000 (Harrison & Naftalin 1968).
To “cure” a disease means to eliminate the root cause of the disease and reverse the damage it has inflicted (on the inner ear, in this case). No treatment currently exists to cure Ménière’s disease. However, medical treatments exist that can help manage it.
Major research on disease:
Determining the most effective dose of gentamicin with the least amount of risk for hearing loss.A more recent Japanese evaluation is available from Toyoama Prefecture, where the prevalence remained almost unchanged at 16−17 per 100,000 during the period 1974−1990.